Ritual is a special human action maintaining rapport with the natural cycle.
Symbol is a unit of poetic meaning.
Myth unites ritual and symbol, giving action to thought and meaning to action.
Mythology is a set of myths that take root in a particular society. The most fully developed mythologies form an imaginative encyclopedia providing answers to questions of the deepest concern to society.
The narrative patterns of literature represent the absorpion of ritual action into literature.
The symbols of literature recurring in different works of literature are called archetypes.
Literature shows various degrees of displacement of myths in the direction of the plausible, the moral or the "real".
Literature is the total body of stories and symbols that provide hypotheses or models of human behavior and experience.
The central story of all literature is the loss and regaining of identity.